Eos is a valued source for accurate, reliable, and timely news and perspectives about the Earth and space sciences—from the Earth’s core to the far reaches of the solar system and beyond.

Eos addresses all geoscience disciplines and covers a broad range of topics, including Earth’s deep interior, tectonics, oceans, atmosphere, hydrology, solar physics, planetary bodies, geoscience history, and education, among others. It also examines the intersection of science and policy as it relates to climate change, hazards and disasters, resource development, and other societal concerns.

Eos seeks to forge strong interdisciplinary ties among Earth scientists and to place the important contributions of the Earth and space sciences in the context of social and policy-making arenas. The worldwide community of Earth and space scientists relies on Eos for timely news, overviews of topics central to broad research questions, updates on major projects and programs, opinion pieces, meeting summaries, and more.

Why Eos? The publication is named for the Greek goddess of the dawn. She represents the new light continually being shed by the Earth and space sciences on the understanding of our planet and its environment in space for the benefit of humanity.

The publication that evolved into Eos, called Transactions, American Geophysical Union, began as a way to distribute information about AGU’s annual meetings and discipline-specific sections to AGU members. Launched in 1920, it was published sporadically until 1959, when it became a quarterly. In 1969, it became monthly and added Eos to its name. In 1979, the publication became a weekly newspaper. Now, with its Web presence, Eos is freely available to all who are interested in the Earth and space sciences.



Earth & Space Science News

Editor in Chief


José D. Fuentes: Department of Meteorology, Pennsylvania State University, University Park, Pa., USA; [email protected]
Wendy S. Gordon: Ecologia Consulting, Austin, Texas, USA; [email protected]
David Halpern: Jet Propulsion Laboratory, Pasadena, Calif., USA; [email protected]

Editorial Advisory Board

Mark G. Flanner, Atmospheric Sciences
Nicola J. Fox, Space Physics and Aeronomy
Steve Frolking, Biogeosciences
Edward J. Garnero, Study of the Earth’s Deep Interior
Michael N. Gooseff, Hydrology
Brian C. Gunter, Geodesy
Kristine C. Harper, History of Geophysics
Susan E. Hough, Natural Hazards
Emily R. Johnson, Volcanology, Geochemistry, and Petrology
Keith D. Koper, Seismology
Robert E. Kopp, Geomagnetism and Paleomagnetism
John W. Lane, Near-Surface Geophysics
Jian Lin, Tectonophysics
Figen Mekik, Paleoceanography and Paleoclimatology
Jerry L. Miller, Ocean Sciences
Michael A. Mischna, Planetary Sciences
Thomas H. Painter, Cryosphere Sciences
Philip J. Rasch, Global Environmental Change
Eric M. Riggs, Education
Adrian Tuck, Nonlinear Geophysics
Sergio Vinciguerra, Mineral and Rock Physics
Andrew C. Wilcox, Earth and Planetary Surface Processes
Earle Williams, Atmospheric and Space Electricity
Mary Lou Zoback, Societal Impacts and Policy Sciences


Peter L. Weiss, Senior News Editor
Mohi Kumar, Scientific Content Editor
Randy Showstack, Senior News Writer
JoAnna Wendel, News Writer
Liz Castenson, Editorial and Production Coordinator

Faith A. Ishii, Production Manager
Melissa A. Tribur, Senior Production Specialist
Elizabeth Jacobsen, Production and Editorial Assistant

Jeff Borchardt, Development Director
Tel: +1-202-777-7536; Email: [email protected]

Eos (ISSN 2324-9250) is published online by the American Geophysical Union, 2000 Florida Ave., NW, Washington, DC 20009, USA.

AGU Member Service Center, 2000 Florida Ave., NW, Washington, DC 20009, USA; 8:00 a.m.–6:00 p.m. Eastern time; Tel: +1-202-462-6900; Fax: +1-202-328-0566; Tel. orders in U.S.: 1-800-966-2481; Email: [email protected].

Use AGU’s Geophysical Electronic Manuscript Submissions system to submit a manuscript.

Views expressed in this publication do not necessarily reflect official positions of the American Geophysical Union unless expressly stated.

Christine W. McEntee, Executive Director/CEO