Research infrastructure costs for selected National Science Foundation divisions as a percentage of division budgets. Divisions represented are Emerging Frontiers (EF) from the Directorate for Biological Sciences (BIO); Civil, Mechanical, and Manufacturing Innovation (CMMI) and Electrical, Communications and Cyber Systems (ECCS) from the Directorate for Engineering (ENG); Atmospheric and Geospace Sciences (AGS), Earth Sciences (EAR), and Ocean Sciences (OCE) from the Directorate for Geosciences (GEO); and Astronomical Sciences (AST), Materials Research (DMR), and Physics (PHY) from the Directorate for Mathematical and Physical Sciences (MPS). Also shown is the Antarctic (ANT) program of what was then known as the Office of Polar Programs (OPP). From National Science Board [2012].