Root-filled soils are hot spots of nutrient cycling and carbon storage. New research finds that the world has lost millions of cubic meters of rooted soil volume—and we’re on track to lose much more.
Researchers found phytoplankton hidden on the Arctic seafloor, hinting at a cascade of effects on the local ecology and carbon cycle.
A mega-experiment in Brazil will evaluate how tropical rain forests absorb carbon as emissions increase.
Respiration quotients in the Atlantic and Pacific Oceans reflect different water temperature, nutrient stress and phytoplankton community structure, important for regional carbon and oxygen cycling.
Researchers labeled anthropogenically emitted carbon and tracked it with an ocean circulation model to determine whether it winds up in the sky or sea.
Spreading olivine on beaches could accelerate ocean uptake of carbon dioxide and potentially limit climate change. The concept and execution still face some scrutiny from scientists.
First simulations of a new biogeochemistry-circulation coastal grid refinement demonstrate seamless inclusion of small-scale coastal processes in a state-of-the-art Earth system model.
Rewetting bogs can increase methane emissions in the short term, but ultimately the approach helps restore peatlands and create larger carbon sinks.
New research could help inform future studies of how the release of carbon dioxide from the Southern Ocean might affect global climate change.
California has lost 7% of its forest cover to climate change over the past 25 years.