A range of observations show that a shift in land-atmosphere coupling exacerbated the hot drought experienced in Europe in 2018.
As the world heats up, the number and duration of combined stress events are increasing, causing harmful environmental and human impacts.
The experimental design used in climate vulnerability assessments can strongly influence the assessments’ findings and skew decisions about which factors are most important for informing adaptation.
A new book highlights research progress on El Niño Southern Oscillation dynamics and impacts and how they may change in a warmer world.
Without a significant reduction in usage, committed emissions from coal and gas plants in the United States are already incompatible with the country’s pledges under the Paris climate agreement.
Pausing a long-term soil warming experiment revealed that previously warmed plots remained both warmer and drier compared to plots which had not experienced previous soil warming.
A new international collaboration found that dry inland waters—no matter where they were located—contributed significant global carbon dioxide emissions.
Atmospheric rivers that make landfall in the western United States have significant impacts on the surface water balance, sharpening the seasonality of water resources in coastal watersheds.
Integrating Earth science research and observations into adaptation planning helps identify effective strategies to manage climate risks.
Understanding how temperatures of cold-water streams respond to global warming could help clarify the impacts of climate change on aquatic ecosystems.