Stratospheric fluorine species have accumulated faster in the Northern Hemisphere over the past two decades reflecting interhemispheric differences in the Brewer-Dobson transport circulation.
Every summer, most of the sea ice near Antarctica melts away, but its saltiness leaves a permanent record that scientists can trace back for millennia.
The fifth major update of land surface air temperature data from the Climatic Research Unit and the Met Office has extended the time series, included more stations, and used better processing methods.
HadCRUT5, the new version of the Met Office Hadley Centre/Climatic Research Unit global surface temperature dataset from 1850 to 2018, has extended and improved the previous temperature record.
Climate sensitivity can be estimated using multiple variables jointly in a multi-component linear regression.
An exceptionally strong stratospheric polar vortex coincided with a record-breaking Arctic Oscillation pattern and ozone destruction during the 2019–2020 winter season.
This year is still on track to be one of the hottest years on record around the globe.
Around 16 percent of large-scale droughts over land originate above the ocean and these types of droughts are more extensive and severe than droughts that originate over land.
Analysis of temperature and precipitation extremes in two generations of CMIP climate models revealed similarities in regional climate sensitivities, contrasting with divergent global sensitivities.
New methods that help researchers understand the decision-making processes of neural networks could make the machine learning tool more applicable for the geosciences.