A comparison of climate models finds that much of the variation in their predictions of global warming arises from differences in how they simulate the response of convective processes to warming.
Simulations of tropical ocean convection help distinguish climate effects resulting from large-scale changes in atmospheric circulation from those resulting from higher temperatures.
As thunderstorm updrafts strengthen, electrification of clouds can heat the lower ionosphere, explaining prolonged disturbances to radio waves in the rarefied atmospheric layer.
Climate models struggle to accurately portray clouds because the models cannot resolve the scales at which clouds form. A new study demonstrates a potential fix for the problem.
A pair of revisions to the Energy Exascale Earth System Model improves its ability to capture late afternoon and nocturnal rainfall as well as the timing and movement of convection.
A new study finds that the tropical atmosphere maintains radiative-convective equilibrium as a whole, but not at smaller scales.
Small-scale collisions between pools of cold air may play an important role in organizing hurricanes and other crucial atmospheric phenomena, according to newly developed conceptual models.
Lightning is a symptom and a cause of climate change. A recently established task team is working to make lightning data available and useful for climate science and service applications.
A “moist shell” makes all the difference in how some storms evolve.
A new technique can remotely sense strong electrical fields within storm clouds.