The assessment of space weather event forecasts would benefit from more nuanced approaches that take account of event intensities peaking near the thresholds used to identify such events.
Supercomputer 3D modeling of magnetic fields could help mitigate damage from geomagnetic storms.
Heliospheric imaging data can be used in ensemble modeling of CME arrival time at Earth to improve space weather forecasts, treating the solar wind as a 1-D incompressible hydrodynamic flow.
A short, must-read, report for anyone developing new space weather forecasts.
New research evaluates the performance of generative adversarial networks for stochastic parameterizations.
Weather forecasts combine many model predictions to create an ensemble that is more accurate than separate models, a technique now starting to be applied in space weather science.
Scientists are blending output from multi-year model runs to improve temperature forecasts in regions where satellites experience “drag,” in the hopes of avoiding future spacecraft collisions.
Most fast coronal mass ejections will be decelerated into ambient solar wind quickly in the inner heliosphere, but some of them continue the deceleration with an even larger amplitude beyond 1 AU.
Space weather forecasting is benefiting, and can benefit much further, from concepts and tools already developed by the global meteorological community.
A new model of solar winds could reduce false alarms.