The weather in the thermosphere includes winds that buffet spacecraft as they orbit the Earth, but how well can these winds be modeled?
Imperfect knowledge of high-latitude forcing of the coupled ionosphere-theremosphere system translates into uncertainty in the low-latitude and midlatitude response to a geomagnetic storm.
A new study finds that the ionospheric anomaly over the Weddell Sea is likely influenced by proximity to auroral energy input, rather than by tilting magnetic fields.
Researchers find that as with terrestrial weather, ensemble forecasting—which uses several different models simultaneously—is the best way to produce accurate and precise forecasts of space weather.
Researchers are developing better ways to use satellites to understand space weather events that can interfere with technology.