Hillslopes play a critical role in linking ecosystems. Understanding the forces that drive their connections can help us to better understand adaptation in the face of climate change.
Numerical models provide quantitative constraints on topography lost to erosion, showing how the sediment influx in a sedimentary basin reflects its tectonic and topographic evolution.
Changes in mantle dynamics following the Australian collision in southeast Asia triggered fast and intense morphotectonic activity at the surface.
Rainfall varies with elevation, and such precipitation gradients can have profound and often counterintuitive effects on topography.
Exposure to sunlight creates telltale patterns in the polar ice cap that change over time, potentially providing insight into the climatic history of the Red Planet.
3-D radiation-topography interaction, which can increase the sunlight absorption by the surface, is missing in all climate models, causing strong cold biases over the Tibetan Plateau.
A new study examines how unusual meteorology interacted with topography and other local conditions to generate some of the most devastating floods in American history.