A comparison of climate models finds that much of the variation in their predictions of global warming arises from differences in how they simulate the response of convective processes to warming.
Both satellite observations and model simulations reveal that more aggregated convection amplifies the increase in extreme rainfall events on a year-to-year basis.
Researchers apply a superparameterization technique to boost the accuracy and efficiency of climate predictions generated by the Energy Exascale Earth System Model.
A new study finds that the tropical atmosphere maintains radiative-convective equilibrium as a whole, but not at smaller scales.
The first study to simultaneously investigate precipitation and cloud structures in tropical weather systems concludes observation systems significantly overestimate the height of raining clouds.
The Madden-Julian Oscillation drives storms across the Indian and Pacific oceans every 30 to 60 days. New research suggests that clouds absorbing and reemitting radiative energy play a key role.
New research sheds light on the complex interplay between the atmosphere and the ocean and how both affect the Madden-Julian Oscillation.
A new model reveals how cumulus convection, humidity, and tropical circulations interact as global temperatures rise.
Scientists review studies of the tropical Madden-Julian Oscillation to better frame its role in air-sea interactions.
Orbiting scatterometers can reveal patterns of cool air in mesoscale convective systems.