Data from a long-distance research cruise provide new insights into carbon cycling in the eastern Pacific and Southern Oceans.
A thermodynamic function of the potential spicity is defined and it is orthogonal to the potential density in the least square sense.
A method for estimating potential spicity, a thermodynamic variable in oceanography, provides a new way to describe contrasts in watermass properties.
Subsurface measurements of nitrogen and oxygen isotope ratios in nitrate reveal a predominantly southern hemisphere supply of nitrate to the equatorial Pacific.
Understanding changing conditions in the south polar oceans during the warm late Pliocene period may help predict the impact of contemporary warming.
For the first time, scientists provide a sea-wide view of what happens to Mediterranean waters that flow into the Black Sea through the Bosporus Strait.
Researchers look at more than 3 decades of temperature trends in the deep ocean to understand the layers' energy budgets.
Vortices formed off the west coast of Sardinia could play a large role in Mediterranean water circulation and mixing and are significant for marine ecosystems and regional climate.
Ship surveys show that the "Gulf Stream" of the Pacific is not a stable boundary current.