Data from a long-distance research cruise provide new insights into carbon cycling in the eastern Pacific and Southern Oceans.
Water masses formed off southeastern Greenland may contribute more than previously thought to the variability of the Atlantic Meridional Overturning Circulation, which strongly influences global climate.
A thermodynamic function of the potential spicity is defined and it is orthogonal to the potential density in the least square sense.
A method for estimating potential spicity, a thermodynamic variable in oceanography, provides a new way to describe contrasts in watermass properties.
Subsurface measurements of nitrogen and oxygen isotope ratios in nitrate reveal a predominantly southern hemisphere supply of nitrate to the equatorial Pacific.
Understanding changing conditions in the south polar oceans during the warm late Pliocene period may help predict the impact of contemporary warming.
For the first time, scientists provide a sea-wide view of what happens to Mediterranean waters that flow into the Black Sea through the Bosporus Strait.
Researchers look at more than 3 decades of temperature trends in the deep ocean to understand the layers' energy budgets.
Scientists test whether sparse, indirect data can reveal ancient ocean chemistry and circulation patterns.
In the 2000s, the North Atlantic stopped absorbing as much atmospheric warmth. However, the ocean lost only a little heat—the rest was held deeper below the surface by altered circulation patterns.