Trapped ions discovered at midlatitudes can have energies exceeding 100 megaelectron volts per nucleon. Their detection adds to our understanding of the powerful radiation environment around Jupiter.
A transdimensional, probabilistic approach is more flexible than traditional least squares fits and provides better handling of sharply varying slip distributions.
Detailing the development of the metamorphic sole beneath the Oman–United Arab Emirates ophiolite provides insight into subduction zone processes.
Different indicators change in different ways, but climate models project a clear trend of increasing heat stress.
Turbulence causes local variations in relative humidity, which can push particles past a critical saturation threshold for droplet nucleation.
Increased reflection of incoming sunlight by clouds led one current-generation climate model to predict unrealistically cold temperatures during the last ice age.
Energetic electrons are accelerated directly by magnetic reconnections and can act as tracers of large-scale magnetic field conditions.
Infrared observations from instruments on the Juno spacecraft cover regions of Ganymede not visible to Earth-based telescopes.
New high-resolution imaging and modeling reveal the first evidence of enhanced turbulence due to gravity wave modulation of Kelvin-Helmholtz instabilities.