Chemical compositions of rocks from Mars indicate that the earliest orbits of Jupiter and Saturn were more circular than they are today.
Bubbles trapped in magma from a 1,000-year-old event reveal how scoria cones might erupt and what impact they may have on the landscape and atmosphere.
Using century-old surveying photos, scientists have mapped 100 years of change in the Canadian Rockies to document the climate-altered landscape.
New research is finding there’s more to marine debris than just what appears near the ocean surface, including tons of microplastics extending hundreds of meters into the deep.
A combination of relativistic particles and artificial intelligence may provide a new way to forecast when a volcano could erupt.
Records of aurorae in Mesopotamia from 2,600 years ago are helping astronomers understand and predict solar activity today.
A new methodology calculates the soil properties most likely to preserve pollen.
A new model is the first to simultaneously explain many of the moons’ characteristics, including their mass, orbits, and icy composition
Noise pollution may be changing how some species of fish develop.
Sedimentary deposits reveal a Nile-sized river system flowing from what are today Turkey and Syria.