Researchers used ice core data to reconstruct seasonal temperatures throughout the Holocene. The results link especially hot summers with patterns in Earth’s orbit.
The Moon was a lot closer to Earth 2.46 billion years ago, and the shorter distance contributed to shorter days.
Researchers pinpoint how Milankovitch cycles have driven ice growth and influenced the timing of glacial periods.
Interglacials provide insights into the impacts of warmer than present conditions in certain regions of Earth.
Mid-ocean ridge eruptions follow the cycles of tides and Earth's orbital eccentricity, indicating a possible role in long-term climate shifts.