Global data compilations and the production of time-varying paleomagnetic field models over the past hundred thousand years provide insights into geomagnetic field evolution.
Understanding the fundamental physics of the Madden‐Julian Oscillation, a phenomenon that occurs over the Indian and Pacific Oceans, remains a challenge in tropical atmospheric research.
Tropospheric ozone is removed at Earth’s surface through uptake by plant stomata and other nonstomatal deposition pathways, with impacts on air pollution, ecosystem health, and climate.
Reducing methane emissions is critical for addressing climate warming, but which are the easiest and most cost-effective ways to do this?
Computer simulations are advancing our understanding of how natural and anthropogenic materials are transported around the upper layer of the ocean.
The appearance of sunspots—their number, duration, and location—suggests that the dynamics of the Sun’s outer layer is synchronized with an internal clock.
The daily activities of mammals, reptiles, crustaceans, and fish influence the physical environment, with invasive burrowing species causing particular disruption in aquatic environments.
Soils both emit and take up different biogenic volatile organic compounds, altering the chemical composition of the atmosphere and influencing local, regional, and global climate.
Understanding the “age” of water in different times and places offers insights into how water moves through the hydrological cycle.
It’s notoriously difficult to access, but new technologies, international collaboration, regional models, and interdisciplinary approaches are improving understanding of the Weddell Gyre.