A new book explores how Earth science knowledge addresses critical global challenges including sustainable development, disaster risk reduction, and climate change.
Using intravenous anesthetics instead of volatile ones could help curb greenhouse gas emissions, but there are challenges to making the switch.
The plans identify localized vulnerabilities, as well as adaptations to climate change risks.
Archaeology might not solve all the agricultural challenges that climate change will bring, but it could provide important lessons and a record of new ideas.
Emissions rates are still growing every year, though that growth has slowed. The world needs to reach negative growth soon to prevent a potential 3.2°C rise by the end of the century.
New research in western India found that fertilizer based on Traditional Ecological Knowledge made soil more fertile in a head-to-head test with industrial fertilizers.
Fertile terra preta soils were created through centuries of carefully managed land use. Scientists are taking cues from these soils to better sequester carbon and improve soil for agriculture.
Building on the successful Argo network of seafaring temperature and salinity sensors, work is underway to deploy 1,000 floats equipped to study ocean biogeochemistry in greater detail than ever.
A method called flash Joule heating could offer a more sustainable way to source essential components of electronics from coal fly ash.
To commemorate the 400th anniversary of the Pilgrims’ crossing, a ship guided by an AI captain will embark on the same journey, doing science along the way.