Biogeosciences Editors' Highlights

Trees Are Watching Us and Our Actions

Annual growth rings in trees tell us more than climate history; they can also document the rise and fall of human industrial activities.

Source: Journal of Geophysical Research: Biogeosciences


The annual growth of trees through photosynthesis is demarcated in seasonal growth rings put on in their stems. Rind width and composition provide clues about the conditions under which that individual grew. These “tree rings” have been used for decades to reconstruct past climates and extreme events. However, there is more to the story.

Scanlon et al. [2020] discover that the concentration of mercury in decadal increments can be used to reconstruct atmospheric mercury in a set of trees in Virginia, USA. Using concentration observations, the researchers found that mercury concentrations in tree rings peaked in the 1930s–1950s while global atmospheric mercury continued to rise. Mercury stable isotopes reveal that this local peak was linked to a local pollution source, most likely from a nearby industrial plant that manufactured the synthetic fabric rayon.

This study is the first attempt to analyze and interpret mercury isotopes in tree rings. The findings open the doors to new analytical approaches to tease out the stories hidden in tree rings about the history of human industrial activity and its impact on the biosphere.

Citation: Scanlon, T. M., Riscassi, A. L., Demers, J. D., Camper, T. D., Lee, T. R., & Druckenbrod, D. L. [2020]. Mercury accumulation in tree rings: Observed trends in quantity and isotopic composition in Shenandoah National Park, Virginia. Journal of Geophysical Research: Biogeosciences, 125, e2019JG005445.

—Ankur Rashmikant Desai, Editor, JGR: Biogeosciences

Text © 2020. The authors. CC BY-NC-ND 3.0
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