As climate change persists, amplified temperature increases in mountains and changes in precipitation will diminish snow and ice.
The prediction of flow and transport in fractured rock is one of the great challenges in the Earth and energy sciences with far-reaching economic and environmental impacts.
Hydrological processes affect plant ecology and the biogeochemical exchange between salt marshes and the sea.
Studying the interactions between the atmosphere and forests is a key component of understanding forest ecosystems and the interplay between our atmosphere and the living world.
The magnetic and color properties of the mineral hematite give clues to past environmental conditions and is being used for paleoclimatic reconstruction.
The Nordic Seas experience influxes of warm water and losses of heat to the atmosphere with knock-on effects on sea ice, glacier retreat, and carbon dioxide uptake.
Satellite observations offer invaluable insights into hydrological processes and environmental change in the Amazon.
Satellite imaging and remote sensing offer unique insights into the Amazon’s complex hydrology. A new review summarizes decades of findings and charts a path forward for new remote sensing missions.
Reanalysis data, already used to understand terrestrial processes on the physical land surface, the carbon cycle, and the hydrologic cycle, is now being applied to terrestrial ecosystems.
During the late Quaternary period, a series of abrupt climate changes in the tropics and sub-tropics driven by changes in ocean circulation were both dramatic and disruptive.