During the late Quaternary period, a series of abrupt climate changes in the tropics and sub-tropics driven by changes in ocean circulation were both dramatic and disruptive.
There are various explanations for how the Earth’s continents form, develop, and change but challenges remain in fully understanding the driving forces behind plate tectonics on our planet.
New satellite observations of polar stratospheric clouds have advanced our understanding of how, when, and where they form, their composition, and their role in ozone depletion.
New models should consider drought a process, not merely a product, and should factor in the huge variety of causes, effects, and feedbacks that play out in the real world.
Satellite observations show how tropical forest carbon fluxes respond to changes in water from climate variability.
A better understanding of how earthquakes are caused by hydraulic fracturing is an important part of building better practices to manage and mitigate their risks.
Reducing methane emissions is critical for addressing climate warming, but which are the easiest and most cost-effective ways to do this?
Understanding the “age” of water in different times and places offers insights into how water moves through the hydrological cycle.
Earth and atmospheric tide signatures embedded in groundwater levels are a potential game changer in the monitoring of confined aquifers.