Research over the past decade in Alaska’s Aleutian Islands has offered surprising insights into the pulses of great earthquakes that generate dangerous, often long-distance tsunamis.
Researchers face many risks when working in the field. Documenting past and future accidents and safety incidents can help identify patterns and practices to keep scientists out of harm’s way.
The deadly eruption of Nevado del Ruiz in 1985 made Colombian volcanologists realize that studying natural phenomena was irrelevant if they could not share their knowledge to avoid predictable tragedies.
Microscale modeling can be used to understand and predict urban weather with sufficient detail to inform and support flight safety for crewed and uncrewed aerial vehicles.
Better real-time estimates of thermospheric density are vital to the safe management of satellite traffic in Low Earth orbit, ensuring those satellites continue to deliver critical services.
As the number of satellites in low Earth orbit grows by leaps and bounds, accurate calculations of the effects of atmospheric drag on their trajectories are becoming critically important.
Last year’s explosive eruption at the New Zealand volcano tragically took tourists by surprise.
Modeling of mysteriously fluctuating water levels in the Great Lakes has helped to optimize the prices of shipping insurance contracts along with investments in dredging navigation channels.
Spacecraft sometimes produce a form of electrical self-interference as they zip through plasmas in space—a previously unreported effect that may be lurking in old data sets.
Under a new mandate, consortia of the world’s major space weather centers will disseminate new space-weather advisories for civil aviators representing a significant change-of-state for space weather.