Graphic showing ray-path sampling of Earth by the body-wave constituents of the seismic-event coda-correlation
Ray-path sampling of Earth by the body-wave constituents of the seismic-event coda-correlation, as recorded by receivers at the Earth’s surface (inverted triangles). Ray paths are shown by different colors, demonstrating the improved sampling of deep Earth. The lower-right inset is enlarged ray-path sampling of the inner core. Credit: Wang and Tkalčić [2020], Figure 6a (adapted)
Source: Journal of Geophysical Research: Solid Earth

Seismic tomography is among our most powerful tools to infer the deep structure of the Earth, thereby yielding information about its composition, dynamics and evolution. It is traditionally based on observations of few well-studied body and surface wave types, which limits tomographic resolution.

Wang and Tkalčić [2020] provide a theoretical framework that enables the use of a kind of waves that has so far been largely ignored in seismic tomography: waves that scatter multiple times after being excited by an earthquake, also known as coda waves. Their method provides a tool that synthesizes otherwise unobservable body waves from seemingly chaotic coda wave recordings. The synthesized waves correspond to complicated propagation paths through the Earth, thereby increasing illumination in deep parts of the planet that are not well sampled by more traditional observations.

In addition to the theory, the authors provide a data-based validation of their approach, as well as an application to the imaging of inner core structure.

Citation: Wang, S., & Tkalčić, H. [2020]. Seismic event coda‐correlation: Toward global coda‐correlation tomography. Journal of Geophysical Research: Solid Earth, 125, e2019JB018848.

—Andreas Fichtner, Associate Editor, JGR: Solid Earth

Text © 2020. The authors. CC BY-NC-ND 3.0
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