Atmospheric Sciences Editors' Highlights

Measurements of Ozone-Depleting Chemicals in the Asian Monsoon

New high-altitude aircraft observations identify unexpected high levels of halogen-containing species entering the stratosphere above the summertime Asian monsoon.

Source: Journal of Geophysical Research: Atmospheres


The Asian summer monsoon transports emissions from South and East Asia into the upper troposphere and lower stratosphere, but details on chemical composition are poorly known. High-altitude aircraft measurements from two recent field campaigns are providing new information on ozone-depleting substances (ODS) in this region, with observations extending into the lower stratosphere. The new data presented by Adcock et al. [2021] show enhancement of ODS above expected values, especially for several short-lived chlorine-containing species. Studies of the airmass origins identify regions of rapid vertical transport with source regions in South Asia. These new observations show that the Asian monsoon may be transporting larger than expected amounts of ODS into the upper troposphere and lower stratosphere, possibly leading to impact on stratospheric ozone.

Citation: Adcock, K. E., Fraser, P. J., Hall, B. D., Langenfelds, R. L., Lee, G., Montzka, S. A., et al. [2021]. Aircraft‐based observations of ozone‐depleting substances in the upper troposphere and lower stratosphere in and above the Asian summer monsoon. Journal of Geophysical Research: Atmospheres, 126, e2020JD033137.

—William J. Randel, Editor, JGR: Atmospheres

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