As winds pick up dirt and sand, they also pick up any microbes adhering to those particles, potentially introducing them to new locations.
La reciente erupción del volcán Hunga Tonga-Hunga Ha’apai arrojó aerosoles de sulfatos y una cantidad nunca antes vista de vapor de agua a la estratosfera.
Infrared observations reveal that Jupiter’s upper atmosphere is much warmer than models predict. The discovery may be a clue to finding missing heat sources in other giant planets.
Pairing navigation satellites and CubeSats could provide earlier, more accurate warnings of approaching tsunamis and other impacts of extreme events.
New research suggests that sea-salt aerosols seed large raindrops that starve clouds of water needed to make lightning. But not all scientists are convinced it’s simply about salt spray.
Slantwise convection in the Irminger Sea off Greenland appears to mix ocean water to deeper depths than previously thought, representing an important contribution to Atlantic overturning.
The recent eruption of the Hunga Tonga–Hunga Ha‘apai volcano blasted sulfate aerosols and a record-breaking amount of water vapor into the stratosphere.
Twelve papers formed the scientific basis for fast action to strengthen the treaty, which was already safeguarding stratospheric ozone, so it also protects the climate by reducing super pollutants.
Climate models have disagreed on the future evolution of the stratospheric polar vortex and links to the troposphere, but a new study revisits this problem with state-of-the-art climate models.
Researchers labeled anthropogenically emitted carbon and tracked it with an ocean circulation model to determine whether it winds up in the sky or sea.