Satellite data has been used to correct the aerosol loading and land surface albedo in several AeroCom models, which has improved shortwave flux biases between models and observations.
The two hemispheres feature the same planetary albedo despite a larger land fraction in the north, because storms over the southern ocean are cloudier than their northern counterparts.
Variations in surface reflectivity are as important as surface elevation changes in determining regional climate at nonpolar latitudes, according to a new modeling study.
Researchers pinpoint how Milankovitch cycles have driven ice growth and influenced the timing of glacial periods.
In order to limit global warming to Paris Agreement goal levels, climate engineering should be considered as a viable solution.