A combination of warm sea surface temperatures and a weak or absent El Niño may create conditions conducive to tropical storm formation.
Agency scientists on a Hurricane Awareness Tour showcase NOAA research capabilities and warn that although winds can cause severe damage, the biggest killers are storm surges and inland flooding.
Rick Spinrad frets about threats to science from the current administration's attitudes and budget priorities but remains hopeful that things can be turned around.
Enhancements to the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration's decision support system give forecasters new capabilities for tracking smoke from fires using satellite data.
The satellite's lightning mapper instrument will help scientists forecast extreme weather.
The agency's acting administrator characterized the budget figures as preliminary and said NOAA is not being targeted.
Real-time updates of storms will help forecasters track and predict where the most damage could occur.
The hearing also examined a complaint that a former NOAA scientist manipulated data in a high-profile global warming paper.
Other presidents have instituted hiring freezes, but some federal employee representatives worry that President Donald Trump's order is different because more draconian measures might follow.
The report says that the Arctic is warming twice as fast as the global average.