A new index insurance contract – a financial product innovation seeking to cope with climatic variability – could help hydropower operators to manage climate risks.
Snowdrifts prove less ephemeral than they might seem, occurring in the same places year after year.
Nationwide, civil engineers consider precipitation values from NOAA to design their structures. But those values are missing another contributor to flood risk: snowmelt.
A new metric for calculating snow water equivalence relies on three methodologies: modeling, satellite imagery, and direct observation.
A new study compares the accuracy of three observation-based methods of calculating snow water equivalent, a key component in water management.
Thick, fluffy snow traps summer’s heat in the top layers of Arctic permafrost even as winter chills the air above. Grazing animals stomp that snow flat.
In Idaho, three hour-long cloud-seeding events created the snow equivalent of about 282 Olympic-sized swimming pools’ worth of water.
Ski seasons at many of North America’s western resorts might melt away by 2085 because of warming temperatures.
A rare atmospheric phenomenon that transports large quantities of water vapor into the coastal watersheds of the western USA is responsible for up to 10–20% of intense snowmelt events in the region.
When calibrating satellite observations with ground-based ones, estimated precipitation rates are improved by considering that snow takes longer to fall compared to rain.