Researchers estimate the mass of volcanic products that erupted above sea level from 1980 to 2019 by volcanoes worldwide and the average eruptive rates of each magmatic province.
Seafloor Plastic Pollution Is Not Going Anywhere
The amount of microplastics at the bottom of the Mediterranean is growing as global production increases and plastic breakdown is halted.
Internet Cable Reveals the Source of Underwater Vibrations
A novel use of an existing fiber-optic cable off the coast of Spain has clued scientists in to how seismic noise is generated in the ocean.
Protecting the Mountain Water Towers of Spain’s Sierra Nevada
Students and community members monitor the health of mountain water reserves, which capture and release water, evening out wet and dry periods downstream.
Identifying an Eruption “Tipping Point” in Hot Spot Volcanoes
By analyzing lava samples, researchers show how chemical processes that occur during magma’s ascent to the surface may contribute to a volcano’s eruptible state.
Coronavirus Lockdown Brings Clean Air to Spanish Cities
Measures against the spread of the new coronavirus have an unexpected side effect: record-low air pollution levels.
Climate Change Will Reduce Spanish Olive Oil Production
Increased droughts will reduce southern Spain’s olive oil output by 30% before the end of the century.
Giant Geode Grew Slow and Steady
Temperature fluctuations, maybe from climate or maybe from geothermal systems, amplified a natural process that grew the crystals.
For Some Copper Deposits, Microbes Make Minable Minerals
Copper ores were long thought to form through purely chemical processes, but a recent study provides the strongest evidence yet that microbial metabolism drives mineral production.
Basement Structure Mapped by Phase Autocorrelations of Noise
Cross-correlations of ambient seismic noise are combined with well log data to image shallow crustal basement features in the Ebro Basin in Spain.