The fifth major update of land surface air temperature data from the Climatic Research Unit and the Met Office has extended the time series, included more stations, and used better processing methods.
HadCRUT5, the new version of the Met Office Hadley Centre/Climatic Research Unit global surface temperature dataset from 1850 to 2018, has extended and improved the previous temperature record.
An assessment and comparison of the performances of climate models participating in three phases of the Coupled Model Intercomparison Project (CMIP3, CMIP5 and CMIP6).
The Lightning Imaging Sensor on the International Space Station provides an expanded view of global lightning that improves scientific understanding of the Earth as well as public safety.
HadEX3 is an updated dataset of gridded temperature and precipitation extremes, that covers the period of 1901 to 2018 and has improved spatio-temporal coverage.
Concurrent detection from space and the ground of blue optical flashes from streamer corona discharges at altitudes between 8.5 and 14 kilometers and radio waves.
For the first time, the connection between energetic in cloud pulse and terrestrial gamma‐ray flashes is confirmed in the Gamma-Ray Observation of Winter Thunderclouds experiment in Japan.
An international gathering of scientists discussed the state of the art in assessments of how aerosol particles in the atmosphere affect Earth’s climate.
Global temperature responds in the same way to carbon dioxide as it does to methane or aerosol changes if the concept of effective radiative forcing is used to quantify the forcing strength.
The microphysics of the frequent, and frequently positive, lightning of Hokuriku winter clouds was investigated by systematic, in situ observation of individual precipitation particle type and charge.