Scientists test whether sparse, indirect data can reveal ancient ocean chemistry and circulation patterns.
Researchers unexpectedly discovered that tiny shoreline ecosystems act as miniature laboratories in which ocean acidification and its effects play out nightly.
Scientists observe the step-by-step process by which a fungus attacks a mineral to extract vital nutrients.
Satellite and ground-based data reveal sulfur dioxide flux, trace element release, and preeruption magma movement.
Researchers mine seismic wave data to elucidate the stress relief system of the Main Marmara Fault beneath Turkey's inland sea.
The Federal Aviation Administration is testing conductive concrete as a replacement for water-polluting chemicals used to melt ice from airport tarmacs.
The Curiosity rover, one of NASA's flagship missions, analyzes Martian geology, geochemistry, climatology, and radiation to assess whether Mars could have supported microbial life.
A new model of how the Sun's 11-year cycle affects climate leads to slight changes in model results on atmospheric chemistry, but temperature and wind results are consistent with the previous model.
Scientists use a trio of techniques to resolve the age and duration of rhyolite volcanism of the Salton Buttes.
Researchers working in caves in Borneo and elsewhere are finding evidence that biological processes shape many tropical caves by slowly eating away at surrounding rock.