Winds are thought to play a significant role in driving the asymmetric seasonal cycle of Antarctic sea ice growth and melt.
Soils both emit and take up different biogenic volatile organic compounds, altering the chemical composition of the atmosphere and influencing local, regional, and global climate.
Understanding the “age” of water in different times and places offers insights into how water moves through the hydrological cycle.
It’s notoriously difficult to access, but new technologies, international collaboration, regional models, and interdisciplinary approaches are improving understanding of the Weddell Gyre.
Recent technological innovations offer new opportunities for soil moisture characterization and monitoring from the pedon to global scales.
Earth and atmospheric tide signatures embedded in groundwater levels are a potential game changer in the monitoring of confined aquifers.
There is strong evidence that the Atlantic meridional overturning circulation plays an essential role in Atlantic multidecadal variability and associated climate impacts.
Including diverse observations of exchange fluxes, tracer concentrations and residence times in groundwater model calibration results in more robust predictions than using only classical observations.
A synthesis of data from studies in different ocean basins reveals that the characteristics of oceanic crust are shaped by age and spreading rate.
Earthquakes in mountain ranges produce a cascade of geological disturbances and hazards, from enormous landslides to climate change.