Weather forecasts combine many model predictions to create an ensemble that is more accurate than separate models, a technique now starting to be applied in space weather science.
New study reveals how space weather causes rapid fluctuations in Earth’s surface geomagnetic field.
Ensemble techniques are opening a path toward space weather forecasts that give deeper understanding of the risk posed by each solar storm that approaches our planet.
A powerful numerical model reveals how space weather disturbs magnetic field at geosynchronous orbit.
Comparison of magnetic field structures for 20 coronal mass ejections at eruption versus Earth arrival highlights the importance of tracking structural evolution to refine space weather predictions.
Improved processing enables satellite-based radiation sensors to match ground-based sensors in providing prompt warnings of the onset of atmospheric radiation storms that can endanger civil aviation.
New research shows that solar radiation levels are growing 10% faster than previously believed and that the radiation environment in space will worsen with time.
Scientists are blending output from multi-year model runs to improve temperature forecasts in regions where satellites experience “drag,” in the hopes of avoiding future spacecraft collisions.
Space weather forecasting is benefiting, and can benefit much further, from concepts and tools already developed by the global meteorological community.
Maps reveal how the Sun’s magnetic field evolves through solar cycles.