The assessment of space weather event forecasts would benefit from more nuanced approaches that take account of event intensities peaking near the thresholds used to identify such events.
Deep-seated earthquakes in subduction zones are related to diamond formation.
Progress has been made to reduce methane emission intensity from livestock (the amount of methane per unit of protein), but where are the greatest opportunities to reduce this methane source further?
Simulations of radiation storm fluxes on real flight paths highlight how severe space weather could expose aircrew and passengers on busy transatlantic routes to significant radiation doses.
Regional variations in the seasonal drawdown of atmospheric CO2 can be used as a benchmark for evaluating models and satellite-derived estimates of land carbon uptake.
Although most of Earth’s lava erupts beneath the oceans, submarine volcanoes are comparatively understudied, but a new review of submarine volcano seismoacoustics provides a framework for future work.
Seismic data reveal how water is accumulated and released by Himalayan groundwater reservoirs which are key for predicting future freshwater resources for a large part of South Asia.
Better real-time estimates of thermospheric density are vital to the safe management of satellite traffic in Low Earth orbit, ensuring those satellites continue to deliver critical services.
Gravity measurements reveal depth and storage conditions of rhyolitic magma reservoirs beneath the Laguna del Maule volcanic field in Chile.
New data on ancient burnt structures is integrated into a superior spherical cap field model for Europe.