Root-filled soils are hot spots of nutrient cycling and carbon storage. New research finds that the world has lost millions of cubic meters of rooted soil volume—and we’re on track to lose much more.
Annual crops go dormant during winter. Frosty temperatures cue them to wake up—but the warmer winters brought on by climate change scramble the cold signal, hurting yield.
The Nullarbor Plain has been relatively untouched by geological forces, leaving traces of the continent’s deep past.
Natural and human factors are leading to larger, more frequent, and longer-lasting algae blooms. Recent research is increasingly revealing the scope of the problem and informing potential responses.
An upward trend in fossilized charcoal indicates that wildfires may have contributed to extinctions during the Great Dying.
Antarctica’s Thwaites and Pine Island Glaciers are melting faster than they have in the past 5,500 years, new evidence shows. Against expectations, their pasts have been remarkably stable.
Data from northern Wisconsin forest sites uncovered that vertical heterogeneity metrics are the most influential factors underlying rates of photosynthesis.
Melt ponds in sea ice have thriving algal communities with startlingly high levels of photosynthetic activity.
Climate change elevates the risk category of ecosystems across the United States, a new study finds.
On the basis of how much oxygen marine species need and how much is available, researchers predict extinctions comparable to those at the end of the Permian under a business-as-usual emissions scenario.