The Icelandic Meteorological Office has been tracking unrest near erupting Fagradalsfjall since December 2019, while researchers elsewhere explore new methods to see Iceland’s seismic swarms.
A new book explores the geophysical processes that have shaped Iceland over 30 million years and continue to influence the landscape.
The ash plumes from the eruption of the Icelandic volcano in 2010 disrupted air travel in Europe for several weeks. Since then, scientists have developed models to mitigate ash’s impacts.
Scientists have shown that mineral carbonation can permanently capture and store carbon quickly enough and safely enough to rise to the challenge of climate change.
Photographs of Iceland’s southern glaciers show pools of water where walls of ice once stood.
A new model of the Laki eruption in Iceland suggests that normal climate variability was to blame for the anomalously warm summer.
Seismometers near Iceland’s Bárðarbunga volcanic system pinpointed thousands of earthquakes in 2014–2015, revealing where molten rock was moving underground before any eruptions occurred.
A novel method of calculating strain rates from GPS data shows the South Iceland Seismic Zone is experiencing rapid deformation, including inflation near the island’s most active volcano.
High-precision airborne measurements, in combination with atmospheric modeling, suggest that the Katla subglacial caldera may be one of the planet’s biggest sources of volcanic carbon dioxide.
Mechanical modeling suggests that previous, undetected eruptions released tectonic stress near the ice-covered Bárðarbunga volcano.