Seafloor under the hypothesized East Asian Sea vanished 10 million years ago as surrounding plates swallowed it up, according to new reconstructions of plate tectonics in the Philippine Sea region.
New research on the energy waves caused by earthquakes provides the most detailed map to date of the subduction zone beneath Japan.
New fieldwork and satellite data suggest that three faults may have caused a large earthquake near Almaty, Kazakhstan, more than a century ago.
A new high-fidelity tomography harnesses USArray data to expose a wealth of noteworthy crustal and upper mantle structures, including previously unknown anomalies beneath the Appalachians.
A combination of observations and modeling reveals evidence of a late Paleozoic intraoceanic subduction zone in the western Junggar region of northwest China.
A comparison of water content in undeformed and deformed quartz indicates that grains may change shape via weakening processes that cannot be duplicated in laboratory experiments.
A new laboratory study examines the small-scale physics at play as two pieces of granite are smashed together in a scaled-down version of a real earthquake.
Research shows that a broken lithosphere underneath the island of Hawai'i could explain the island's patterns of seismic activity.
Satellite and ground-based data reveal sulfur dioxide flux, trace element release, and preeruption magma movement.
Researchers investigate what factors influence how particles from a plume spread following a volcanic eruption.