Various nutrient sources in the upper waters of oceanic subtropical gyres, which are the Earth’s largest oligotrophic ecosystems, play a crucial role in governing the sequestration of atmospheric CO2.
Climate records stored in marine sediments reveal different ice sheet and ocean responses to falling atmospheric CO2 concentrations from the warm Pliocene to the ice ages of the Pleistocene.
Ocean Drilling Program cores and helium isotopes put better constraints on the ocean circulation in the north Pacific.
Landfast sea ice, sea ice that is held stationary against the Antarctic continent, links firmly with many key climate processes, but its importance is only being fully realized as its extent dwindles.
A decline in the ratio of ocean carbon accumulation to atmospheric carbon dioxide growth between 1994-2004 and 2004-2014 suggests a reduction in the sensitivity of the ocean carbon sink.
Antarctic ice drives crucial deep-ocean currents that help regulate Earth’s climate. But the system is slowing down.
By bringing together multiple data sources a new statistical method aims to improve the accuracy with which we might predict future ice melt in Greenland.
Quantitative observation-based estimates highlight the contribution of diapycnal mixing to the Atlantic Meridional Overturning Circulation, water mass formation, and tracer transfers and pathways.
Projected changes to El Niño will likely accelerate warming of the deep oceans around the Antarctic, supplying heat that could drive ice loss and sea level rise.
Virtual particles released in the Labrador Current revealed that the westward penetration of the current into the shelf seas is inhibited by warm core rings emanating from the Gulf Stream.