The geologic record suggests that despite Earth’s hot, thin crust during the Proterozoic, mountains were still able to form thanks to an extinct style of crustal deformation.
The algorithm RevPET automatically reverses the complex multi-phase fractional crystallization path of oceanic basalts and offers new perspectives for advancing mantle thermobarometry.
What causes slow earthquakes in subduction zones? New insights from numerical models suggest that a mixture of strong and weak rocks might be the cause.
Improving our understanding of hazards posed by future large earthquakes on the Cascadia Subduction Zone requires advancements in the methods and sampling used to date and characterize past events.
Lava from the Agung and Batur volcanoes provides a near-pristine picture of Earth’s mantle and raises questions about all volcanoes along the Indonesian Sunda Arc and beyond.
Mapping of a 2018 earthquake that ruptured the eastern flank of Mount Etna shows that it occurred on a tectonic lineament that predates the volcano, and the kinematics match nearby tectonic domains.
Ten years of interdisciplinary studies since the disastrous Tohoku-oki earthquake have improved our knowledge of earthquake-cycle processes and hazard, but prediction of such events remains elusive.
New seismic imaging study of the Puysegur Trench aims to solve one of the last major questions in plate tectonics.
Detailing the development of the metamorphic sole beneath the Oman–United Arab Emirates ophiolite provides insight into subduction zone processes.