Space Science & Space Physics Editors' Highlights

New Observations of Mysterious Radar Echoes

Exploring the relationship between solar extreme ultraviolet radiation flux and 150-km radar echoes.

Source: Geophysical Research Letters


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A frequently observed geophysical phenomenon in the daytime equatorial ionosphere are 150-kilometer radar echoes. These very high frequency (VHF) radar echoes were first detected more than 50 years ago, however, it remains unclear how exactly they are generated. A recent study by Oppenheim and Dimant [2016] suggested the Sun’s extreme ultraviolet (EUV) radiation as the main cause of the 150-kilometer radar echoes. Patra et al. [2017] present new observational evidence of an anti-correlation between solar EUV radiation and these echoes, and therefore contradicts with the recent study that would otherwise expect a positive relationship. This calls for further investigation into the generation mechanisms of the 150-kilometer radar echoes as they are manifestations of plasma density irregularity that may affect communications in the near-Earth space environment.

Citation: Patra, A. K., Pavan Chaitanya, P., St.-Maurice, J.-P., Otsuka, Y., Yokoyama, T., & Yamamoto, M. [2017]. The solar flux dependence of ionospheric 150 km radar echoes and implications. Geophysical Research Letters, 44, 11,257–11,264. https://doi.org/10.1002/2017GL074678

—Gang Lu, Editor, Geophysical Research Letters

© 2018. The authors. CC BY-NC-ND 3.0