The geologic record suggests that despite Earth’s hot, thin crust during the Proterozoic, mountains were still able to form thanks to an extinct style of crustal deformation.
Three of the remaining glaciers in the Pyrenees mountain range stopped flowing in the past decade.
A new study found that the Jehol Biota had chilly temperatures and high altitudes when feathered dinosaurs roamed the slopes.
Freshwater lakes on the highest plateau in the world act like lenses that accumulate heat from the intense solar radiation, accelerating ice cover melt and affecting land-atmosphere fluxes.
A 4D back-projection method revealed that aftershocks of the 2015 earthquake beneath the Ogasawara (Bonin) Islands occurred as deep as about 750 kilometers.
When permafrost thaw reaches concentrations of ice underneath the surface, it may trigger local soil instability.
The Siberian river’s creation caused a massive influx of fresh water into the Kara Sea and radically changed the Arctic Ocean and Earth’s climate.