A new study shows the importance of considering non-linear responses to isolated sea surface temperature (SST) changes and the implications for the linear frameworks used to quantify the SST pattern effect.
Geophysical Research Letters
Scientists Just Measured a Debris Flow in Unprecedented Detail
This research team used a laser sensor originally designed for autonomous vehicles to track debris flow surges.
Iron Is at the Core of This Earth Science Debate
A new study investigates iron’s form at the planet’s interior. The findings have repercussions for understanding the inner core’s structure.
Mapping the Fizzy Brines and Fluid-Filled Fractures Below a Volcano
Seismic tools reveal where hydrothermal fluids lie beneath the Uturuncu volcano in Bolivia and hint at their composition.
Predicting Flood Conditions in the Next Few Years
Multiyear flood predictions are possible for watersheds in which the magnitude and frequency of flooding can be related to an atmospheric pressure see-saw in the North Atlantic region.
Summer Fire Means Winter Melt
Changing wildfire activity in California may impact seasonal hydrology by causing intense snowmelt during winter in areas where fires extend into higher elevation zones.
Streamflow Drought Intensification in the European Alps
A five-decade analysis of drought generation processes in the Alps shows their changing seasonality in high-elevation basins with increasingly frequent droughts caused by a lack of snowmelt water.
Global Models Underestimated Groundwater Recharge and Discharge
A new estimate for global groundwater recharge by rainfall and snowmelt, which dictates the upper limit of sustainable groundwater use, doubles the previous estimates from global models.
Clumped 18O –18O in Ice Reveals Past Ozone and Wildfire
Reactive gases like ozone are hard to preserve, but clumped isotopes and models provide clues to past ozone and suggest a global increase in wildfire at megafaunal extinction.